Кафедра общей физики

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Headed by:
Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, Professor
Malik Khamitovich
 
The Department of General Physics is one of the oldest Bashkir State University departments. It was established almost at the same time as post-gymnasium physical education started developing in Ufa. Its foundation may be traced back to 1920, when K.P. Krauze organized the first physical laboratory (originally called physical and mathematical laboratory) in Ufa Institute of Public Education. After transformation of Institute of Public Education into K.A. Timiryazev Bashkir State Pedagogical Institute in 1929, when academic departments started being organized in Russian universities, a Department of General Physics was created in BSPI in 1931. It was headed by Professor Ye.N. Gribanov until 1941. In 1934-1940 he was Dean of the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics.
Due to wartime evacuation of most research institutes of Ukrainian Academy of Sciences to Ufa, a lot of renowned Ukrainian scientists moved to the city, including Professors I.N. Bogolyubov, V.Ye. Loshkaryov, S.I. Pekar et al. They took part in training BSPI students. Professor V.Ye. Loshkaryov headed the Department of General Physics in 1941-1943.
 
After departure of the Ukrainian scientists, the Department was headed by Professor V.I. Romanov (1943-1948), a renowned scientist, an authority in the field of gas-discharge tubes and P.N. Lebedev’s student.
 
In 1948-1956 the Department of General Physics was headed by Associate Professor R.S. Smirnov.
After Bashkir State Pedagogical Institute advanced its status and became Bashkir State University in 1957, a Department of Theoretical Physics branched off the Department of General Physics. D.T. Yemasov was appointed Head of the Department of General Physics.
 
In 1958 the post of Head of the Department of General Physics was given to G.I. Zherekhov, a renowned specialist in the field of polytechnical physical experiment. He headed the Department until 1964, and from 1964 to 1973 he worked as Dean of the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics.
 
From 1965 to 1974 the Department of General Physics was headed by Associate Professor F.L. Sayakhov. He initiated and organized introduction of a number of majors (Radio Physics and Electronics, Physics of Magnetic Phenomena, Petrophysics). Syllabuses were drawn up and the RSFSR Ministry of Universities gave its official permission to introduce the majors. From 1974 to 1976 the Department of General Physics was headed by Associate Professor A.N. Trofimov, who paid great attention to re-equipping school laboratories.
 
From 1976 to 1988 the Department of General Physics was headed by Associate Professor Yu.V. Yergin, a renowned specialist in the field of magnetic properties of submagnetic liquid electrolytes and oil emulsions.
 
From 1988 to 2000 the Department of General Physics was headed by Professor K.A. Valeyev, a scientific specialist in the field of rock geomagnetism. He made a great contribution into renewing laboratories for general physical practical training sessions and fitting them out with modern training equipment.
 
The majors of Solid State Physics and Physics of Magnetic Phenomena developed within the Department, the Department and the Faculty served as a basis for all-Union conferences dedicated to geomagnetism.
 
Since 2000 the Department of General Physics has been headed by Professor R.A. Yakshibayev. The Department offers a major in Solid State Physics (since 2003 Physical Materials Science). General and special courses are taught by highly skilled teachers and renowned scientists, such as Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, Professor M.Kh. Balapanov, Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, Professor R.F. Almukhametov, Doctor of Technology, Professor R.V. Zagidulin, leading Associate Professors Yu.V. Yergin, Z.Kh. Kuvatov, G.R. Akmanova, R.Kh. Ishembetov et al.
 
The Department trains staff in close cooperation with academic institutes of Russian Academy of Sciences, such as Institute for Metals Superplasticity Problems of Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Molecular and Crystal Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences and large production associations that have scientific laboratories as part of their structure.