History of Institute of Physics and Technology

The history of physical education can be traced back to the beginning of the last century, when on October 2, 1919 Ufa Physical Institute was opened by the decree of the Ufa Province Department of Public Education. Ufa Physical Institute was organized and directed by Professor K.P. Krauze (1877-1963). In 1919 K.P. Krauze organized a physics laboratory in Ufa Institute of Public Education and headed it in 1920-1930s.
 
In 1923 Ye.N. Gribanov (1895-1941) started working in Ufa Institute of Public Education. When departments started being organized in 1931, he became the first Head of the Bashkir State Pedagogical Institute Department of Physics, at the same time working as the Head of the Department of Physics and Technology in Ufa Physical Institute. In 1934- 1940 Professor Ye.N. Gribanov holds the post of the Dean of the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics. In 1934 Professor Ye.N. Gribanov publishes a book called “Introduction to Radio Electronics” (in Bashkir) through the Bashkniga Publishing House.
 
V.S. Smirnov, who started working in Bashkir State Pedagogical Institute in 1934, made a great contribution into training highly qualified Physics teachers. From1939 to 1942 he was Dean of the faculty of Physics and Mathematics, and from 1941 to 1956 (off and on) held the post of the Head of the Bashkir State Pedagogical Institute Department of General Physics.
 
In 1941-1943 most research institutes of Ukrainian Academy of Sciences were to Ufa, including Institutes of Physics and Mechanics. Renowned Ukrainian scientists (Professors N.N. Bogolyubov, V.Ye. Lashkaryov, I.Ya. Shtayerman, S.I. Pekar) took part in training students of the Bashkir State Pedagogical Institute Faculty of Physics and Mathematics. N.N. Bogolyubov headed (as his second job) the Department of Mathematics, V.Ye. Lashkrayov headed (also as his second job) the Department of Physics at Bashkir State Pedagogical Institute.
 
By the establishment of Bashkir State University, Physics in Pedagogical Institute was represented by the Section of Physics at the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics, which consisted of one department – the Department of general and Theoretical Physics.
 
In connection with organizing the University in 1957, Departments of Theoretical Physics and General Physics were created on the basis of the Department of Theoretical and General Physics.
 
The Department of Theoretical Physics was headed by Candidate of Physics and Mathematics, Associate Professor M.A. Bazhenov, who worked in the University until 1961. In 1960 the Department of Theoretical Physics was transformed into the Department of Theoretical and Experimental Physics headed by Candidate of Physics and Mathematics, Associate Professor O.A. Barsukov. In the same year the Department opened postgraduate courses. A new stage in theoretical physics development at the Department of Theoretical and Experimental Physics relates to the work of Candidate of Physics and Mathematics, Associate Professor A.I. Rezanov, who opened the major of Theoretical Physics at the Department. At the same time the Department of Theoretical and Experimental Physics is actively engaged in research of application of nuclear physics methods in geophysics, and of gamma-ray and neutron logging (Associate Professor I.L. Dvorkin, Associate Professor I.G. Dyadkin). Further development of the Department and establishment of theoretical physics in the University is associated with Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, Professor M.M. Farztdinov, who headed the Department from 1968 to 1990 (since 1973 the Department of Theoretical Physics) and supervised the specialization area of theoretical physics. He made a great contribution into developing the quantum theory of magnetism (domain structure in ferro- and antiferromagnets, theory of spin waves, nuclear and magnetic resonance in magnet-transparent crystals). M.M. Farztdinov wrote 2 monographs: “Physics of Magnetic Domains in Antiferromagnets and Ferrites”, Moscow: Nauka, 1981 and “Theory of Spin Waves in Ferro- and Antiferromagnets with Domain Structure”, Moscow: Nauka, 1988. After M.M. Farztdinov’s death, from 1990 to 1993 the Department was headed by Doctor of Technology, Professor A.N. Filippov, since 1993 the Department of Theoretical Physics has been headed by Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, Professor M.A. Shamsutdinov.
 
The other department – the Department of General Physics which was established with the creation of the University – was headed by D.T. Yemasov, and later on by Candidate of Pedagogy G.I. Zherekhov. From 1965 to 1974 the Department of General Physics is headed by F.L. Sayakhov, who initiated a number of the first majors at the Faculty – Radio Physics and Electronics, Physics of Magnetic Phenomena, Petrophysics. In the period from 1974 to 1976 the Department of General Physics is headed by A.N. Trofimov, who pays great attention to re-equipping school laboratories.
 
In 1972 the Building of the Faculties of Physics and Mathematics was constructed, and the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics was divided into independent faculties: Faculty of Physics and Faculty of Mathematics. Associate Professor G.I. Zherekhov was the first Dean of the Faculty of Physics, and there were two departments functioning at the Faculty: Department of General Physics (headed by F.L. Sayakhov) and Department of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (headed by M.M. Farztdinov). The former offered three majors (Radio Physics, Petrophysics, Physics of Magnetic Phenomena), the latter offered two majors (Theoretical Physics and Geophysics).
 
In 1973 a new Department of Theoretical Mechanics and Hydromechanics was opened, which was headed by Professor G.A. Khalikov. In 1984 F.L. Sayakhov became Head of the Department (in 1985 he received the title of Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, Professor, from 1989 to 1991 he was Dean of the Faculty).
 
In 1973 one more new department – Department of Experimental Physics – was organised at the Faculty of Physics. It was headed by Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, Professor V.V. Parfyonov, specialist in solid state physics. He introduced a new major - Solid State Physics – at the Department. After some time the Department of General Physics handed over passed its majors of Physics of Magnetic Phenomena (supervised by Associate Professor K.A. Valeyev) and Radio Physics (supervised by Associate Professor R.Z. Bakhtizin) to the Department of Experimental Physics.
 
In 1982 R.Z. Bakhtizin becomes Head of the Department of Experimental Physics. A new major – Radio Physics and Electronics – is introduced on the basis of the Department. Associate Professor A.G. Akmanov, Dean of the faculty in 1983-1989, pays great attention to compiling and updating syllabuses and employing young promising professional and teaching staff.
 
In 1985 Associate Professor K.A. Valeyev defends his doctoral dissertation in Physics and Mathematics, and in 1986 he opens a new department – Department of Solid State Physics – at the Faculty. Two majors – Solid State Physics and Physics of Magnetic Phenomena – are handed over to the Department along with corresponding laboratories by the Department of Experimental Physics. In 1988 the Department of Solid State Physics is joined with the Department of General Physics. Professor K.A. Valeyev becomes Head of the Department of General Physics and continues in that post until his death in 2000.
 
Since 2000 the Department of General Physics has been headed by Professor R.A. Yakshibayev, who occupied the post of Dean of the Faculty of Physics from 1993 to 1994 and has been occupying the same post since 2000.
 
In connection with the need for training staff in the field of information technologies at the Faculty of Physics, communication specialists training starts in 1996. Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, Professor M.Kh. Kharrasov (Dean of the Faculty of Physics from 1994 to 1999) pays great attention to the establishment of this new area of specialist training.
 
Originally the major of Informational Communication Systems and a sector for teaching corresponding special disciplines were organized with this view at the Department of Physical Electronics. In 1999 this major served as a basis for introducing a new major – Physics and Technology of Optical Communication, and in the same year a new department – Department of Statistical Radio Physics and Communication - branched off the Departments of Physical Electronics and Theoretical Physics, which has been headed by Professor M.Kh. Kharrasov since its establishment.
 
In October 1998 the Department of Applied Physics and Geophysics is renamed Department of Geophysics (headed by R.A. Valiullin), and the Department of Physical Hydrodynamics is renamed Department of Applied Physics (headed by F.L. Sayakhov), since 2003 the Department of Applied Physics has been headed by professor L.A. Kovalyova.
 
In 2008 a joint department of the Institute for Metals Superplasticity Problems of Russian Academy of Sciences and Bashkir State University – Department of Physics and Technology of Nanomaterials – is established at the Faculty (headed by Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, Professor R.R. Mulyukov – Director of the Institute for Metals Superplasticity Problems), which trains students specialising in nanostructure physics.